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  • 位置: php7教程 -> php7语言

    php7预定义序列化接口

    (No version information available, might only be in Git)

    简介

    自定义序列化的接口。

    实现此接口的类将不再支持 __sleep() 和 __wakeup()。不论何时,只要有实例需要被序列化,serialize 方法都将被调用。它将不会调用 __destruct() 或有其他影响,除非程序化地调用此方法。当数据被反序列化时,类将被感知并且调用合适的 unserialize() 方法而不是调用 __construct()。如果需要执行标准的构造器,你应该在这个方法中进行处理。

    接口摘要

    Serializable 
    {
    	/* 方法 */
    	abstract public serialize ( void ) : string
    	abstract public unserialize ( string $serialized ) : mixed
    }
    

    Example #1 Basic usage

    <?php
    class obj implements Serializable {
        private $data;
        public function __construct() {
            $this->data = "My private data";
        }
        public function serialize() {
            return serialize($this->data);
        }
        public function unserialize($data) {
            $this->data = unserialize($data);
        }
        public function getData() {
            return $this->data;
        }
    }
    $obj = new obj;
    $ser = serialize($obj);
    $newobj = unserialize($ser);
    var_dump($newobj->getData());
    ?>
    

    以上例程的输出类似于:

    string(15) "My private data"
    
    Here's an example how to un-, serialize more than one property:
    class Example implements \Serializable
    {
      protected $property1;
      protected $property2;
      protected $property3;
      public function __construct($property1, $property2, $property3)
      {
        $this->property1 = $property1;
        $this->property2 = $property2;
        $this->property3 = $property3;
      }
      public function serialize()
      {
        return serialize([
          $this->property1,
          $this->property2,
          $this->property3,
        ]);
      }
      public function unserialize($data)
      {
        list(
          $this->property1,
          $this->property2,
          $this->property3
        ) = unserialize($data);
      }
    }
    Serialized strings differ between instances that implement Serializable and those that don't.
    Instances that don't implement Serializable use the Object notation "O:" when serialized, while those that do use the Class notation "C:". Class notation can only be used to unserialize instances that implement Serializable, while the Object notation can be used to unserialize any object.
    Because of this, it is sometimes useful to implement the __wakeup() function when implementing Serializable, for instances where you may have a copy of the serialised class before it implemented Serializable (backwards compatible), or when you're expecting a serialized object from an external source, and they use Object notation for maximum compatibility. You can also use __wakeup() to process your unserialize function, or use it to help prevent people trying to bypass your unserialize.
    Below is an example of a simple class hierarchy, where A is a standard class, B implements Serializable, and C uses __wakeup() to assist with unserializing it.
    <?php
    class A {
      protected $readonly_data = true;
      public $public_data = true;
      
      public function __construct( $data = true ) {
        $this->public_data = $data;
      }
      
      public function get_readonly_data() {
        return $this->readonly_data;
      }
    }
    $a = new A;
    var_dump( $a );
    //object(A)#1 (2) {
    // ["readonly_data":protected]=>
    // bool(true)
    // ["public_data"]=>
    // bool(true)
    //}
    var_dump( serialize( $a ) );
    //string(63) "O:1:"A":2:{s:16:"*readonly_data";b:1;s:11:"public_data";b:1;}"
    ?>
    Class A outputs the following object, and its serialized string uses the object notation "O:". Please note that there is a null byte "\0" either side of the star*.
    Changing the serialised string and unserializing it can cause protected and private values to change.
    <?php
    var_dump( unserialize( "O:1:\"A\":2:{s:16:\"\0*\0readonly_data\";b:0;s:11:\"public_data\";b:0;}" ) );
    //object(A)#1 (2) {
    // ["readonly_data":protected]=>
    // bool(false)
    // ["public_data"]=>
    // bool(false)
    //}
    ?>
    Class B extends A, and so has the same constructor and properties. It also implements Serializable.
    <?php
    class B extends A implements Serializable {
      public function serialize() {
        return serialize( $this->public_data );
      }
      
      public function unserialize( $data ) {
        $this->public_data = unserialize ( $data );
        do_extra_processing_here();
      }
    }
    $b = new B;
    var_dump( serialize( $b ) );
    // C:1:"B":4:{b:1;}
    ?>
    As well as being a lot shorter, the serialized string uses the Class notation "C:", but you can still unserialize it using the older style notation. Doing this however will completely ignore the unserialize() function, potentially update the wrong information, and the function do_extra_processing_here() from the example above is not called.
    <?php
    var_dump( unserialize( "O:1:\"B\":2:{s:16:\"\0*\0readonly_data\";b:0;s:11:\"public_data\";b:0;}" ) );
    //object(B)#1 (2) {
    // ["readonly_data":protected]=>
    // bool(false)
    // ["public_data"]=>
    // bool(false)
    //}
    ?>
    Class C extends B, so it's already using the serialize() and unserialize() functions. By implementing the __wakeup() method, we ensure that we are validating the information and performing our do_extra_processing_here() function.
    <?php
    class C extends B {
      public function __wakeup() {
        $new = new static;
        $this->readonly_data = $new->get_readonly_data();
        do_extra_processing_here();
      }
    }
    var_dump( unserialize( "O:1:\"C\":2:{s:16:\"\0*\0readonly_data\";b:0;s:11:\"public_data\";b:0;}" ) );
    //object(B)#1 (2) {
    // ["readonly_data":protected]=>
    // bool(true)
    // ["public_data"]=>
    // bool(false)
    //}
    ?>
    We can use __wakeup() to revert our readonly data back to what it was, or to add additional processing. You can additionally call __wakeup() from within unserialize() if you need to do the same process regardless of which serialized string notation was used.
    Serializing child and parent classes:
    <?php
    class MyClass implements Serializable {
      private $data;
      
      public function __construct($data) {
        $this->data = $data;
      }
      
      public function getData() {
        return $this->data;
      }
      
      public function serialize() {
        echo "Serializing MyClass...\n";
        return serialize($this->data);
      }
      
      public function unserialize($data) {
        echo "Unserializing MyClass...\n";
        $this->data = unserialize($data);
      }
    }
    class MyChildClass extends MyClass {
      private $id;
      private $name;
      
      public function __construct($id, $name, $data) {
        parent::__construct($data);
        $this->id = $id;
        $this->name = $name;
      }
      
      public function serialize() {
        echo "Serializing MyChildClass...\n";
        return serialize(
          array(
            'id' => $this->id,
            'name' => $this->name,
            'parentData' => parent::serialize()
          )
        );
      }
      
      public function unserialize($data) {
        echo "Unserializing MyChildClass...\n";
        $data = unserialize($data);
        
        $this->id = $data['id'];
        $this->name = $data['name'];
        parent::unserialize($data['parentData']);
      }
      
      public function getId() {
        return $this->id;
      }
      
      public function getName() {
        return $this->name;
      }
    }
    $obj = new MyChildClass(15, 'My class name', 'My data');
    $serial = serialize($obj);
    $newObject = unserialize($serial);
    echo $newObject->getId() . PHP_EOL;
    echo $newObject->getName() . PHP_EOL;
    echo $newObject->getData() . PHP_EOL;
    ?>
    This will output:
    Serializing MyChildClass...
    Serializing MyClass...
    Unserializing MyChildClass...
    Unserializing MyClass...
    15
    My class name
    My data
    Here's the way you could implement serializable so that *ALL* descendant serialize themselves without the need of re-writing for all descendant the functions serialize() and unserialize().
    Note : this will only serialize "visible" properties, this it won't serialize private descendant properties. If you dont want a property of a descendant to be serialized, make it private.
    class Pot implements Serializable
    {
      protected $_a;
      protected $_b;
      public function serialize()
      {
        return serialize(get_object_vars($this));
      }
      public function unserialize($data)
      {
        $values = unserialize($data);
        foreach ($values as $key=>$value) {
          $this->$key = $value;
        }
      }
    }
    And now one descendant:
    class PotId implements Pot
    {
      protected $_k;
    }
    class Pots implements PotId
    {
      protected $_l;
    }
    $pots = new Pots();
    and calling serialize($pots) will serialize all properties ($_a, $_b, $_k, $l).
    My solution that let you serialize inherited objects.
    Without specify what need to be serialized.
    We want to get rid of PDO object in this example.
    abstract class DefaultModel() implements \Serializable
    {
      /**
      * @var PDO
      */
      private $pdo;
      /**
       * Serialize object
       * 
       * @return string
       */
      public function serialize()
      {
        
        $serializable = get_object_vars($this);
        
        // unset property name that hold PDO instance
        unset($serializable['pdo']);
        
        return serialize($serializable);
        
      }
      /**
       * Unserialize object
       * 
       * @param string $serialized Serialized object
       * @return DefaultModel
       */
      public function unserialize($serialized)
      {
        
        $unserialized = unserialize($serialized);
        
        // recreate PDO object
        $this->pdo = $this->createDBObject();
        
        if(is_array($unserialized) === true) {
          
          foreach($unserialized as $property => $value) {
            
            $this->{$property} = $value;
            
          }
          
        }
        
      }
    }
    class RealModel extends DefaultModel
    {
      private $myVar;
      public function setMyVar($value)
      {
        $this->myVar = $value;
      }
    }
    $model = new RealModel();
    $model->setMyVar('123456');
    $serialized = serialize($model);
    $serialized = $model->serialize();  // will also work
    print_r($serialized);
    $unserialized = unserialize($serialized);
    print_r($unserialized);
    Hope this help.
    You can prevent an object getting unserialized by returning NULL. Instead of a serialized object, PHP will return the serialized form of NULL:
    <?php
    class testNull implements Serializable {
      public function serialize() {    
        return NULL;
      }
      public function unserialize($data) {
      }
    }
    $obj = new testNull;
    $string = serialize($obj);
    echo $string; // "N;"
    ?>
    That's perhaps better than throwing exceptions inside of the serialize function if you want to prevent serialization of certain objects.